Characterized by a typically Mediterranean mild climate, the Sorrento Peninsula, renowned tourist area in the Campania (the region of Naples), stretches out with its high and indented coastlines in a limpid and crystal clear sea.
Its pleasant climatic conditions make it an ideal land for the growing of lemon that represents a typical element of the Sorrento rural territory so that, as proved by several historical data, the presence of the spontaneous lemon in the Sorrento Peninsula dates back to 1500, while the first cultivations would have been work of the Jesuit Fathers in 1600.
Nowadays, like in the past, the lemon groves lie down on the slopes that descend to the sea and, thanks to the favourable combination between climate and clayey nature of the soil, they give a product in which it is possible to recognize unique and superior organoleptic characteristics.
The cultivation system of the Sorrento lemon groves use very particular structures known as "Sorrento pergola", made of cane covers (pagliarelle) supported by chestnut stakes. Such structures not only protect the lemons against the winter winds and possible hailstorms, but have also the function to delay the maturation of the fruits.
Traditional and typical landscape element of the Sorrento Peninsula, the Sorrento pergola is a cultivation system capable to considerably improve the quality of the lemons; in effect, delaying the maturation of the fruits enhance the organoleptic properties of the product represented by the local variety of lemon.